Ruled by a range of states throughout the history, Kars came under the domination of the Ottoman Empire during the period of Suleiman the Magnificent. As it was affiliated with Erzurum province in the late Ottoman period, it was always overshadowed by that province in social, cultural, and educational terms. With the Treaty of Berlin signed after the 1877-78 Ottoman-Russo War, Kars fell under Russian domination. Kars, which had difficult times in all respects after that, was incorporated into the Motherland (Turkey) on 30 October 1920. As a result, a national movement flourished there in all aspects. The people of Kars that had been deprived of national education for a long time gained its self after the proclamation of the Republic.
In the Republic period, great efforts were made to nationalize education. A rapid progress was achieved in the number of schools, students, and teachers in primary education and secondary education in the course of time. This study deals with developments in primary education and secondary education in Kars in the Republic period. For primary education, the number of teachers, students, and schools, teachers qualifications focused on. For secondary education, on the other hand, the number of students and teachers in schools are explored.
Keywords: Key Words: Education, Teacher, Student, School, Kars