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Abstract


LIBERALISM IN TURKEY FROM A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

Liberalism, one of thestrongestapproaches in thepoliticalhistory of thoughts is established on individualrightsandfreedoms, therule of lawandthelimitedstate, free market economyandindividualism. It is a system of thoughtsproviding a solutiontoalleconomicandpoliticalproblemsfacedbytheworldtoday. Tothecommonbelief, thisphenomenon, whicharisedfromancientGreeceandgainitsidentity in the modern age, has experiencedmanydifferentiationsuntiltoday. theflow of ideasthatextendsfromtheroots of antiquitytoancientGreeceandwhich has gainedthegovernment of ideology in thenearcentury, has cometothepresent, experiencingmanydifferences in thehistoricalprocess. Thesigns of liberalism has firstlybeenseen in ourlandwiththemodernizationefforts of Ottomans in the 19th century. Inthisarticle, firstlytheconcept of liberalism, itsprinciplesandhistoricaldevelopmentwill be studied. Thesecondaim is toconveytheplace of liberalism in Turkishthought life, itspioneers, intellectualfactorsandthereflections of thegovernmentalmanagement.



Keywords
Liberalism, OttomanEmpire, Turkey, Modernization



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