Nusretiye Mosque, which is one of the Sultan Mosques of the 19th century, was built in Tophane district of Istanbul by Sultan Mahmud-II. While there was Mosque of Tophane-i Barracks Coachman which was built by Sultan Selim-III in its place before, on the burning of this mosque in 1823 current mosque was built instead. Nusretiye Mosque, which is also well-known as Tophane Mosque among people, was started to be built in 1823 and was completed in 1826. The Janissaries Revolt (15th July of 1826) which was cropped up after the opening of the Nusretiye Mosque (8 April of 1826) was suppressed with a state intervention, which was organized and harshed, by Sultan Mahmud-II. After this intervention, which went down in history as Vaka-i Hayriyye means Auspicious Incident, Guild of Janissary was abolished by Sultan Mahmud-II. The mosque was named as Nusretiye that means Holy Victory to symbolize this historical event. Nusretiye Mosque has the feature of being the first building which was decorated with the elements of French originated Empire Style that entered to the Ottoman architecture during the reign of Sultan Mahmud-II.
In this article we identify the Empire Style elements of Nusretiye Mosque and on the other hand, contrary to the Orientalist opinion assert that the architecture of Ottoman Westernization/Modernization period were simple affected, we aimed to underline the presence of consciously-eclectic attitude in style of the mosque in the light of the ideology of the Sultan Mahmud-II as the owner the mosque, and reforms executed in social-cultural fields by him, and political circumstances of his monarchy.
Keywords: Ottoman Architecture, Westernization Period, Sultan Mahmud-II, Nusretiye Mosque, Empire Style.